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Iron Deficiency Anemia

About Iron Deficiency

Iron Deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency ranks among the top ten health issues globally as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO), affecting as many as 2 billion people worldwide.

The population groups most affected by iron deficiency are infants, school-going children and women of reproductive age.

In general, iron deficiency anemia causes a loss of physical endurance due to reduced levels of hemoglobin and tissue iron. During pregnancy, iron deficiency anemia is associated with increased risk of maternal mortality. Iron deficiency in infancy and childhood is associated with significant loss of cognitive abilities and decreased resistance to infections.

Iron deficiency is commonly associated with developing countries, but even in developed countries a high percentage of adult women have iron intakes below the recommended daily allowance.