: Full-year operating income increased by 39 percent as a result of the new operating model, lower costs, reduced restructuring expenses and currency developments. Revenue was up 3 percent due to favorable currencies offsetting adverse price/mix and volumes. Volumes were down 1 percent overall for the full-year, with positive developments in Asia offset by Latin America and Europe.
: Full-year operating income was up 45 percent, due to performance improvement initiatives, management delayering, lower costs, reduced restructuring expenses and currencies. Revenue was up 7 percent, driven by favorable price/mix and currencies offsetting lower volumes. Volumes were down 2 percent across the segments, impacted by lower demand in Brazil and ongoing spending declines in the global oil and gas industry.
: Full-year operating income was up 20 percent due to continuous improvement programs, favorable currency effects, lower costs and incidental items. Revenue was up 2 percent due to favorable currency effects, partly offset by the divestment of the Paper Chemicals business and adverse price effects. Overall volumes were flat.
We expect 2016 to be a challenging year. Difficult market conditions continue in Brazil, China and Russia. No significant improvement is anticipated in Europe, particularly in the Buildings and Infrastructure segment. Deflationary pressures continue and currency tailwinds are moderating.
More information on our financial guidance for 2016-2018 can be found on www.akzonobel.com